CASTLES, Cathedrals, Abbeys and Stately Homes
Glamis Royal Castle, - Glamis, Scotland
of the Queen Mother)
Thou Art ...
' My family have lived in Glamis Castle since 1372 when Sir John Lyon was granted the thaneage of Glamis by King Robert II. In 1376 Sir John married the King's daughter, Princess Joanna. Since then Glamis has been visited and lived in by many members of the Scottish and British royal families.
I am very pleased to welcome you and I trust that the glimpse you will see of what Glamis has to offer will prove interesting. The Castle has been added to and altered throughout the centuries and it continues to evolve even today. I hope to maintain the Castle in as good a condition or better than you see it now, for above all Glamis is still a home to which my family and I are extremely attached.
Since Glamis was first launched on to the World Wide Web in 1998, the number of visitors to the site has already far exceeded our expectations. I am delighted at the interest shown and often wonder what the reaction of my ancestors might have been to such a technological marvel. It gives me great pleasure to share the story of Glamis with you and it would afford me great pleasure should you wish to visit the Castle in person with your friends ... '
The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Just outside the village of Glamis, north of Dundee. Glamis
is still the family home of the Earls of Strathmore, but is open to the public.
Open May to September daily except Sunday
The family home of the Earls of Strathmore since 1372, when Robert II of Scotland gave the castle to Sir John Lyon.
It is the setting for Shakespeare's Macbeth and is refereed to specifically :- "Glamis thou art" "and yet woulds't wrongly win: thou'dst have great Glamis" It is popularly believed that Duncan was murdered here by Macbeth
Legends and myths have grown around the castle. King Malcolm II was said to have been murdered here in the 11th century. Lady Janet Douglas, widow of the Earl of Glamis, was burned at the stake as a witch in 1540 by James V. There is said to be a secret room where a nobleman played cards with the devil himself.
Glamis today looks more like a French Chateau than a medieval fortress, because it was extensively restored in the 17th and 18th centuries. The original tower house remains at the centre of the castle today
It has, of course, close connections with the present Royal
Family, being the childhood home of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother ( she being
the youngest daughter of the 14th Earl), and Princess Margaret was born here in
|This tragedy began on 27th August 1691, when King William III in London offered a pardon to all Highland clans who had fought against him or raided their neighbours. But it was on the condition that they took the oath of allegiance before a magistrate by 1st January 1692. The alternative for failing to comply was death. MacDonald Clan Chief, MacIain of Glencoe, reluctantly agreed to take the oath, but mistakenly went to Inverlochy in Fort William instead of Inveraray near Oban. He finally reached Inveraray on January 6th, well after the deadline.|
|MacDonald naivley believed that, despite this delay in taking the oath, he and his clan were now safe. But unknown to him, a force had already been assembled at Inveraray and given orders to exterminate the whole clan. The force left for Glencoe on 1st February, led by Captain Robert Campbell of Glen Lyon, a man with a grudge against the MacDonalds. Campbell asked for quarters for his 130 soldiers and, unaware of what was planned, the poor MacDonalds entertained them for 10 days.|
|On the night of the 12th February, Campbell received orders to kill all MacDonalds under seventy years of age at 5 am the next morning. In the early hours of a cold winter's morning the soldiers rose from their beds and set about the massacre of their hosts, with whom they had been living on friendly terms. It was this act of treachery in response to hospitality that makes this massacre such a heinous crime. Although only forty were killed, many more escaped to the hills only to die of hunger and exposure.|
|The monument to the fallen MacDonalds is situated in the Glencoe village, and MacIain was buried on the island of Eilean Munde, in Loch Leven. Signal Rock, where the order was given to begin the massace stands just a few hundred yards west of the Clachaig Inn on the north bank of the River Coe.|
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